ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-14

Groin Hernias at the Wesley Guild Hospital Ilesa, Nigeria: Characteristics and emerging patterns of repair


1 Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Wesley Guilds Hospital Unit, Ilesa; Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife Hospital Unit, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife; Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife Hospital Unit, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amarachukwu C Etonyeaku
Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1116-5898.161215

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Objectives: We sought to determine the current trends in groin hernia characteristics and surgical care in our hospital. Materials and Methods: A prospective descriptive study from Wesley Guild Hospital Ilesa Nigeria: A tertiary hospital unit in a semi-urban community. All adults who had groin hernia repair between September 2008 and August 2013 were reviewed for age, gender, occupation, hernia type, repair technique and anaesthesia, complications of surgery and duration of hospital stay were analyzed for descriptive and inferential statistics. The main outcome measures were post-operative complications and recurrence. Results: Totally, 270 patients with 296 hernias were treated. Majority were males (256; 94.8%). The modal age group was 51-60 years (20.4%). Hernias were unilateral in most patients (251; 93%) with the majority of them right-sided (162/270; 60%). There were 295 inguinal hernias and one femoral hernia. Indirect inguinal hernia was most common (205 patients; 73.3%); while 79 (27.7%) were direct and 11 (4%) pantaloon hernias. Repairs were for recurrent hernias in 17 cases (3.8%) while 64 patients (23.7%) presented with complications requiring emergency operation. Local anesthesia (LA) was most commonly used (80.7%), and day-case surgery was common (206, 76.3%). Nylon darn (155; 52.4%), mesh hernioplasty (94, 31.8%) and Bassini (43; 14.5%) techniques were commonly used. Morbidity (17, 6.3%) was mainly from the surgical site infection (6, 2.2%). Mortality rate was 0.7%. Follow-up ranged from 3 to 30 months (mean = 9.8 months); no recurrence was recorded. Conclusion: Most repairs are now done using LA as day-case procedures. Mesh hernioplasty is becoming popular.


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